Stored Procedures

What are Stored Procedures?

Stored Procedures are pre-compiled, reusable SQL scripts stored directly in a database. They enable the abstraction and encapsulation of operations that can access or modify data. Stored procedures can be invoked with a call statement and are primarily employed in data handling operations.

Functionality and Features

Stored Procedures provide powerful features for data manipulation and retrieval, including:

  • Abstraction: Encapsulate complex SQL queries, making them reusable.
  • Performance: Precompiled nature ensures faster processing and reduced network congestion.
  • Security: Granular permission settings limit data access.

Benefits and Use Cases

Stored Procedures offer several benefits:

  • Efficiency: SQL execution is faster as queries are optimized and compiled upon creation.
  • Reduced network traffic: Only the call to the stored procedure travels over the network.
  • Security: Control access at a procedure level, mitigating the risk of unauthorized data access.

Challenges and Limitations

Despite their advantages, Stored Procedures have limitations:

  • Portability: They are often platform-dependent and less portable across different DBMS.
  • Debugging: Debugging can be complex, as many DBMS lack sophisticated debugging tools.

Integration with Data Lakehouse

In Data Lakehouse setups, Stored Procedures often function as an intermediary layer. They increase data consistency, especially when multiple services extract data from the same source. However, the rise of SQL-enabled Data Lakehouses like Dremio makes it possible to directly query the raw data without needing Stored Procedures.

Security Aspects

Stored Procedures support security through granular access control mechanisms. They can be configured to permit specific users or roles to execute certain procedures, thereby limiting direct data access.


Stored Procedures can enhance performance by reducing network traffic and allowing precompiled SQL execution. However, complex Stored Procedures might negatively impact performance due to high computation needs.


What are Stored Procedures? Stored Procedures are pre-compiled SQL scripts stored in a database, used for data manipulation and retrieval.

What are the benefits of Stored Procedures? Stored Procedures provide efficiency, reduced network traffic, and enhanced security due to their pre-compiled nature and granular access control.

What are the limitations of Stored Procedures? Stored Procedures are often platform-specific and may present debugging challenges.

How are Stored Procedures used within a Data Lakehouse? Stored Procedures often act as an intermediary layer in a Data Lakehouse, increasing data consistency. Still, SQL-enabled Data Lakehouses like Dremio enable direct raw data queries, bypassing the need for Stored Procedures.

How do Stored Procedures impact performance? While Stored Procedures can enhance performance by reducing network traffic and enabling precompiled SQL execution, complex ones may hinder performance due to increased computation needs.


Abstraction: Hiding complexity by providing simplified interfaces.

Precompiled: Compiled at an earlier stage, before execution.

DBMS: Database Management System, software to create and manage databases.

Data Lakehouse: A new data management paradigm blending Data Lakes' functionalities and Data Warehouses.

Granular Access Control: Fine-tuned security control at different levels.

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