What is Wrangling?

Wrangling, also known as data wrangling or data munging, involves various processes of cleaning, structuring and enriching raw data into a desired format for better decision making in less time. Wrangling is crucial in today’s data-driven world as it highlights useful information from the data, making it easier to discover meaningful patterns and derive insights.


Data wrangling has evolved alongside the rise of big data and data science, growing in importance as businesses discover the value of making data-driven decisions. While there is no specific known individual or team credited with its creation, it has become a fundamental step within all data handling, processing, and analysis.

Functionality and Features

Wrangling involves a variety of processes, including data discovery, data structuring, cleaning, enriching, and validation. Among the key features are transforming data into a more suitable format, ensuring data quality, streamlining complex data, handling missing or irrelevant data, and integrating diverse data sources.


Data wrangling solutions can vary greatly, but they generally include components for data discovery, data transformation, and output. They interface with various data sources and offer a user-friendly GUI for performing transformations and visualising the results.

Benefits and Use Cases

Wrangling plays a crucial role in data analytics by breaking down data silos, reducing the time spent by data scientists on cleaning data, and enabling faster business insights. Use cases range from cleaning marketing data for improved campaign performance to preparing data for machine learning algorithms.

Challenges and Limitations

Despite the advantages, data wrangling can be a complex and time-consuming process, often requiring substantial expertise. Additionally, data quality and complexity can pose significant challenges.

Integration with Data Lakehouse

In a Data Lakehouse setup, which combines the benefits of data lakes and data warehouses, data wrangling aids in maintaining data quality and uniformity. It helps in transforming raw data from data lakes into structured data suitable for business analytics, thus playing a vital role in effective data management.

Security Aspects

Ensuring privacy and security is essential during the data wrangling process, particularly when handling sensitive information. Deploying wrangling solutions with built-in security measures such as encryption, anonymization, and strict access controls is vital.


Efficient data wrangling can significantly enhance the performance of data analysis tasks by ensuring high-quality, reliable data. It aids in quicker business insights, faster decision making, and better business outcomes.


  1. What is the difference between ETL and data wrangling?While both involve data transformation, ETL is a structured process typically used for loading data into a data warehouse, while data wrangling is more ad-hoc and flexible, often used in exploratory data analysis.
  2. Does data wrangling require coding?While traditional data wrangling often involved coding, many modern tools offer graphical interfaces to simplify the process, though advanced operations may still require script-based transformations.
  3. How does data wrangling fit into a data science project?Data wrangling is a preparatory step in a data science project, ensuring that the data is clean, structured, and ready for analysis.
  4. How does data wrangling relate to big data?Big data often involves dealing with messy, unstructured, and complex data from various sources - the kind that requires extensive wrangling to transform it into a usable format.
  5. What are some common data wrangling tasks?Typical tasks include data cleaning, normalization, transformation, and integration.


Data Munging: Another term for data wrangling, particularly used in the context of transforming and mapping data from one 'raw' form into another format. 

Data Lakes: A storage repository that holds a large amount of raw data in its native format until it is needed. 

Data Warehouses: A large store of data collected from a wide range of sources within a company and used to guide management decisions. 

Data Lakehouse: A new, open data structure that combines the best of data warehouses and data lakes. 

ETL: Extract, Transform, Load - a process that involves extracting data from outside sources, transforming it to fit business needs, then loading it into the end target (database or data warehouse).

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